On this day in 1925, substitute teacher John Snopes was brought to trial in the state of Tennessee for teaching evolution in a high school. Clarence Darrow defended Scopes, and William Jennings Bryan argued for the prosecution. The case drew intense attention and ended with a guilty verdict and a fine of $100. The verdict was overturned on a technicality.
The trial has since been the subject of many works of literature, including the 1955 play Inherit the Wind that was made into a film in 1960.