Scopes Trial

On this day in 1925, substitute teacher John Snopes was brought to trial in the state of Tennessee for teaching evolution in a high school.  Clarence Darrow defended Scopes, and William Jennings Bryan argued for the prosecution.  The case drew intense attention and ended with a guilty verdict and a fine of $100.  The verdict was overturned on a technicality. 

The trial has since been the subject of many works of literature, including the 1955 play Inherit the Wind that was made into a film in 1960.

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/monkey-trial-begins